Collaborating Agencies

In September 2010, through a grant award from the Texas Historical Commission (THC) Texas Heritage Trails Program Partnership Grant, Cultural and Architectural Resources Management (CARMA), LLC developed a virtual Google Earth tour and parallel Geo-cache to trace the Buffalo Soldier Expedition (BSE) of 1877.   A partnership between Bailey, Cochran, Hockley, Lubbock, Lynn, and Terry County Historic Commissions formed the committee nucleus that resolutely decided to publicize the BSE trail.

The virtual tour follows an approximated path based on historical information and using the Google Earth program online or actually traced “on the ground” at interesting trail points by downloading the longitude and latitudes for pre-determined locations.

The grant also supported the development of a brochure and website about the Buffalo Soldiers Expedition. A workshop/presentation about the BSE of 1877 will be presented at the Texas’ Last Frontier Celebration on June 24-26, 2011 in Morton, Texas and the annual meeting of the Texas Plains Trails.

Cochran County Historical Commission, as hosts for Texas’ Last Frontier Museum in Morton, played a leadership role in coordinating and contributing to the virtual tours and brochure design development by CARMA, LLC. Cooperation and assistance also came from the other Commissions to help produce the Google Earth Tour and the Geocache treasure hunt.

A tremendous thank-you goes to all the contributors who tirelessly worked to make the Virtual Google Earth Tour, the Geocache hunt and the brochure success.

Texas Heritage Trails Program (THTP)

A Regional Tourism Initiative

The THTP is the Texas Historical Commission’s (THC) award-winning heritage tourism initiative. This economic development initiative encourages communities, heritage regions, and the state to partner and promote Texas' historic and cultural resources.

These successful local preservation efforts, combined with statewide marketing of heritage regions as tourism destinations, increase visitation to cultural and historic sites and bring more dollars to Texas communities. This in turn supports the THC's mission to protect and preserve the state's historic and prehistoric resources for the use, education economic benefit, and enjoyment of present and future generations with the intention to bring tourism to rural communities.


The THTP is based around 10 scenic driving trails created in 1968 by Gov. John Connally and the Texas Highway Department (now the Texas Department of Transportation) as a marketing tool. The trails were established in conjunction with the HemisFair, an international exposition that commemorated the 250th anniversary of the founding of San Antonio.

Texas Plains Trail Region 

For thousands of years man crossed the mid-section of the Llano Estacada leaving trails that followed the draws and spring feed lakes. There were no permanent settlements until the late 19th Century with the advent of the windmill and barbed wire. The etched trails into the earth tell the story of the Indians, explorers, cibolores, comancheroes, military and settlers who passed this way searching for water and their destination.


Texas' Last Frontier Museum

The Texas Last Frontier Museum in Morton, Texas holds a collection of artifacts and historic information about the region. As the last county in Texas to be established, this landmark serves as an important venue for illustrating what life was like on the Frontier across the Llano Estacado.

Texas' Last Frontier Museum

108 Southwest 1st St.

Morton, Texas 79346

(806) 266-0638

Monday 2 p.m. - 5 p.m.

Thursday 2 p.m. - 4 p.m.

Contact: Dorothy Barker      (806) 266-5484

Trail of Living Water Knol

The Trail of Living Water Knol explains the unmarked corridor of ancient trails found across the Llano Estacado. The migration and trade routes across this region by different groups are intricately dependent on availability of water. Some of the routes are traced and described to visitors to the site to help share the hardships and conditions of traversing this harsh landscape.


Cultural and Architectural Resources Management Associates, (CARMA), LLC

CARMA, LLC is a collaborative Texas based cultural heritage firm that specializes in preserving the cultural heritage and architecture of our past. CARMA was founded in 2005 by Dr. Elizabeth I. Louden.  With over 40 years of combined experience in historic preservation and architecture, CARMA professionals provide a comprehensive ranch of skills including but not limited to architecture analysis and design, historic structure reports, building and landscape surveys, architectural photography, 3D laser scanning, building documentation, graphic design and interpretive signage.

CARMA has a dedicated philosophy of a balanced approach to all of our business aspects and associations with preservation professionals.  The commitment to balance includes our concern for the individuals that we work with and the environment that we affect.  CARMA, an equal opportunity company, provides exceptional quality work, on time deliverables and highly professional services. 


Contributing Counties

Continued support and contributions from surrounding counties helped with the successful completion of the Buffalo Soldier Expedition of 1877. Bailey, Cochran, Hockley, Lubbock, Lynn, and Terry County Historical Commission’s gave both time and materials to the project. The collaborative work and resources between these agencies provided essential tools for the completion of the project.

Bailey County


Cochran County


Hockley County


Lubbock County 


Lynn County


Terry County


Related Regional Sites

Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge

Located on the high plains of west Texas, the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge is the oldest sanctuary in the state. The area provides a wintering area for migratory waterfowl, and sand hill cranes. When water is abundant, the refuge provides lots of resting areas for the migratory birds.


National Ranching Heritage Center

The National Ranching Heritage Center is a museum and historical park located on the north boundary of the Texas Tech University campus in Lubbock. Dedicated on July 2, 1976, the 30-acre facility was established to preserve the history of ranching, pioneer life and the development of the livestock industry in North America.


The Slaughter Ranch

C.C. Slaughter was an important figure and rancher in the development of Morton and Cochran County. Slaughter’s initial ranching headquarters were located near Lehman but later moved 2 miles southwest of Morton. C.C. Slaughter invested in the development of West Texas and focused on crossbreeding Herefords and Shorthorns.

Site Design by CARMA International